Alopecia Treatments for Men – Descriptions, Pros and Cons

Men can be affected by different kinds of alopecia, however the most common among men is Androgenetic alopecia, also known as male pattern baldness. Androgenetic alopecia causes men to progressively lose the hair on their scalp. Androgenetic alopecia is so common that half of the men who are 50 years and older are affected by it. If you are affected by it, don’t be scared. Hair loss may be a difficult experience however there a number of ways to overcome it. Below you can find alopecia treatments for men. Read through them as they may help you find the right treatment for you.

Alopecia treatments for men

Medication options


Description: This drug is also known as Rogaine. This drug can help with slowing down hair loss. In some cases it helps in the growth of new hair. Minoxidil prolongs the growth phase of the hair follicle thus slowing or stopping hair loss.

Pros: Hair loss is slowed or halted completely. Hair growth is possible.

Cons: Minoxidil is not as effective when it is applied to large areas of hair loss. Side effects of minoxidil include itchiness and irritated skin when minoxidil is applied. Hair may grow in areas close to where minoxidil is applied or transferred to. It is important to note that side effects affect people differently. The side effects should stop within two weeks of using minoxidil. If this is not the case, please see your doctor.

Instructions: Apply minoxidil to the scalp twice a day. It must be used consistently for optimal results. Once you stop using minoxidil, it’s effects will stop and hair loss will continue to progress.


Descrition: Finasteride is a pill which is can help with stopping hair loss and, potentially, hair regrowth. In androgenetic alopecia, dihydrotestosterone (DHT) causes the growth phase of hair to be shortened. DHT also causes hair to thin. Finasteride blocks the enzyme responsible for converting testosterone into DHT in the hair follicle, thus resulting halted hair loss. Finasteride works best in people who have smaller and fewer areas of hair loss.

Pros: 99% of men experience halted hair loss in a years time, and third of those men experience hair regrowth. Hair regrowth occurs in men differently.

Cons: The positive effects of finasteride only occur over long-term, consistent use. If use of this medication is stopped, you can expect to lose hair that may have grown while using the medication within 12 months’ time. Side effects may include decreased sexual desire. However, this side effect only affects approximately 0.5% of men.

Instructions: Take the oral tablet once a day.


Description: Steroids are injected in the areas where hair loss has occurred. This alopecia treatment for men is best suited for those who have been experiencing hair loss for less than a year.

Pros: The positive results of this treatment may be present within a month of starting a course of injections.

Cons: This form of treatment is ineffective in men who have been experiencing hair loss for a long time. The process of injecting steroids is painful, however anesthetic cream may be applied before injecting the steroids.

Instructions: Inject steroids where hair loss has occurred ever 4-6 weeks. This is done until hair growth is complete.


Hair Transplants

Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT)

Description: During the alopecia treatment, skin is removed from the back of the scalp where hair is growing. The hair follicles in the removed area of skin are then removed and inserted in the area of the scalp experiencing hair loss. If you have curly of wavy hair, less hair follicles need to removed and reinserted.

Pros: Hair will start to look normal withing 6 months’ of treatment

Cons: Continued hair loss may leave you with smaller areas to find hair and transplant. Men in their 20s and experiencing an increased rate of hair loss are least suitable for the is alopecia treatment. The treatment is expensive. Like in any surgery, infection and scarring are possibilities. Further procedures may be required in the future.

Follicular Hair Extraction (FUE)

Description: Hair follicles are removed from the scalp directly. These hair follicles are then inserted in the area of the scalp where hair loss experienced. Usually the donor follicles will be found at the back and the sides of the head.

Pros: Hair starts to grow within 3-4 months’. Full results are visible within 8-12 months’.

Cons: The procedure can be painful and expensive. Like in any surgery, infection and scarring are possibilities. Further procedures may be required in the future.

Hair Transplant

Laser Treatment

Desription: This treatment targets the inflammation in hair follicles that prevents hair from regrowing. The laser treatment reduces this inflammation.

Pros: Low-level laser therapy to treat male baldness is considered to be safe and potentially effective.

Cons: There is limited research to support the effectiveness of this treatment for alopecia.

Stem Cell Therapy or Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP)

Description: This is a non-surgical treatment for alopecia. In this procedure 120 ml of blood is drawn from you. Protein-rich platelets is then separated from other components of the drawn blood. These protein-rich platelets are then injected into the area where there has been hair loss. This procedure is most effective when it is used conjunction with another form transplant treatment.

Pros: Hair regrowth is stimulated. This is a quick procedure that is minimally invasive. Little to no pain is experienced. A recovery period is not needed and the positive effects of the treatment are reportedly long-lasting. Results are visible within 3 months’. Some patients report hair growth and thickening immediately.

Cons: A booster treatment is needed every 3-4 months’. This procedure has not been approved or explicitly proven by the International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery (ISHRS).

Lifestyle Changes

Stop Smoking

Smoking is proven to be linked to hair loss. Stopping this habit would be a good preventative measure for hair loss.

Stop smoking


A well-balanced diet can help with the maintenance of the hair you have. It is advised limit the amount of sugar and saturated fats from your diet. Iron-rich foods, high-protein foods and foods rich in omega are recommended.

Good diet

Decrease Stress

Hair loss may be a product of a stressful lifestyle. Reducing stress in your day-to-day life is a good preventative measure. Exercise, meditation and good amount of sleep are great ways to help reduce stress.


Other Forms of Treatment

  • Corticosteroids. The injection form of corticosteroids is most effective in people have minimal hair loss. The tablet form of corticosteroids are used by people who have larger areas of hair loss. The tablet form of corticosteroids have long-term side effects.
  • Zinc or iron supplements. Some people who are experiencing hair loss have low zinc ans/or iron levels. This may be contributing to their hair loss, thus taking supplements would be beneficial.
  • Provoke and allergic reaction. Provoking contact dermatitis in the area of hair loss causes a rash to develop. After a few months’ hair regrows in the area where the rash was.

Hair Doesn’t Determine Who You Are

The best way to go about the alopecia treatments listed above is to stay positive. Hair loss can be a difficult experience and negatively impact a person’s self-esteem. During this time it is important to remember that the hair on your head does not make you any more or any less of a man. Stay positive and confident. There are many men out there with bald heads to look to for inspiration, for example, Vin Diesel, Dwayne Johnson, Pitbull, Jason Statham and Common to name a few.

If you have any questions or experience with the alopecia treatments above please comment below. Furthermore, if you know of any other treatments for alopecia which are proven to work, please put them in the comments down below.


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